Medical supplies are equipment, apparatus, or devices used for medical purposes. These medical supplies sydney differ in usage and directions for use, they range from low-risk supplies such as; medical gloves, spatulas, and toileting receptacles, to high-risk supplies which include; cardiac or artificial pacemakers (this produces impulses that cause contraction of the heart, leading to the pumping of blood).
A Brief History
The discovery of medical supplies can be dated back to 7000 BC in Balochistan, a historical region in South and Western Asia. During this period, tipped flint drills were used by Neolithic dentists. In recent times, dating back to 1938, the US regulated the use of medical devices. Fifty-five years later, the regulation of medical devices in Europe came into effect.
List of essential medical supplies needed in every hospital
Just as in Sydney, Australia, medical suppliers exist in every country. They function to provide wholesale and retail supplies to hospitals in the hopes of saving lives. The need for certain of these supplies to be available in medical facilities all around the world cannot be overemphasized as they necessitate the proper functioning of hospitals.
Below is a list of important medical supplies every hospital should have :
This is an apparatus made for carrying patients, especially during emergencies. Although they are primarily now used as hospital equipment, they are sometimes used in the military and during rescue searches. In earlier times it was used to hold prisoners bound while injecting them with lethal injections in the United States. They are made up of; wheels, mattresses, footboards, headboards, and bed frames.
These are used to treat cardiac Arrhythmias. This happens when the heartbeat is too fast or too slow leading to shortness of breath, palpitations, stroke, or even sudden death. Defibrillators are made up of a metal case containing a battery, electronics, and pads. They act by delivering a countershock to the heart, this flow of electric current would lessen the negative charges, causing a shift in the distribution of electric charge of the heart and thus end the arrhythmias.
These devices are used to create an accurate mixture of medical gases and vaporous anesthetic agents in other to maintain the right level of anesthesia delivered to a patient. The device is used jointly with ventilators, suction equipment, and monitoring devices. Its components include; pipeline inlets and pressure gauges, ventilator power inlet, oxygen pressure-failure device, flow meter valves, regulators, and oxygen flush valves.
A hospital is quite a busy place, with people trooping in and out every minute, monitors are needed to keep an eye on patients. A patient monitor is used to observe the progress and conditions of patients some of which would include the patient’s physiological signals, respiration rate, level of oxygen saturation, blood pressure, and body temperature. It is made up of one or more sensors, display devices, processing and translating components, communication links, and an alarm.
To ensure a lack of equipment contamination, hospitals need to always sterilize tools. Sterilizers are apparatus used in the destruction of microorganisms (fungi, bacteria, germs) by means of dry heat or steam. They are three major types of sterilizers; Plasma Gas sterilizers, autoclaves, and Vaporized Hydrogen Peroxide Sterilizers. An autoclave, the most commonly used of these in medical facilities consist of a vessel, a control system, thermostatic trap, safety valve, water cooler, steam generator, and a vacuum system. Typical sterilization methods include moist heat, dry heat, ionizing radiation, and gas.
Commonly known in full as an Electrocardiogram, this instrument is used in recording changes of electrical potential differences during the heartbeat, it is basically used in checking for abnormalities in heart rate. It does this using electrodes. the electrodes, when placed on the skin, generate a graph of voltage against the time of electrical activity of the heart, they have the ability to detect the smallest electrical changes which could lead to abnormalities. An ECG has three major components;
- The P wave (representing the depolarization of the atria) ;
- The QRS complex (representing the depolarization of the ventricles) ;
- The T wave (representing the repolarization of the ventricles).
Blanket and fluid warmers
Certain surgical processes require certain body temperature levels to be kept to avoid hypothermia. Fluids such as blood and IV when warmed in warming cabinets help normalize the body temperature of a patient. Asides from its usefulness in normalizing body temperatures, a warm blanket give a soothing feeling of comfort and protection to patients.
Also known as an operating table, these are tables that patients lie on during surgical operations. They should consist of adjustable segments and radiolucent surfaces. The property of adjustability enables the surgeon to conveniently work on the patient. Radiolucency on the other hand makes possible the provision of a large, clear, high-quality imaging of the body cavities.
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